California Department of Education
Taking Center Stage – Act II

Recommendation Five


"Real learning does not happen until students are brought into relationship with the teacher, with each other, and with the subject. We cannot learn deeply and well until a community of learning is created in the classroom."1

Recommendation 5 — Relationships. Foster close relationships for accountability and engagement among students and with adults who share extended time through grade-level, subject-area, or interdisciplinary small learning communities. Provide an advisory program to ensure that each middle grades student has frequent contact with an adult mentor to plan and assess his or her academic, personal, and social development.

Relationships is one of the Recommendations in the Focus Area on Developmental Responsiveness.


Recommendations for Success Index

1Parker J. Palmer, To Know as We Are Known: Education as a Spiritual Journey. San Francisco: Harper, 1993, p. xvi.

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